Defence companies are failing to comply with new regulations over non-competitive contracts, a report by the independent watchdog has shown.
The Single Source Regulations Office has challenged £61 million of potentially non-allowable costs, whereby contractors charge unnecessarily for goods or services that could result in savings to the taxpayer. The independent regulator has examined a number of “single source” contracts, where the MOD chooses to work exclusively with a company.
In one instance the SSRO found a defence contractor had charged the MOD £32,500 for a “charitable donation”. In other cases a company charged £34,000 for “staff welfare”, that included a Christmas party and another billed £10,000 for “entertaining costs”. The suppliers then get profit on top of these amounts.
In its first opinion, the SSRO challenged charges of labour inflation at £6 million and ‘learning curve’ of £12.9 million.
Other ‘non-allowable’ costs, such as charging to remedy faulty workmanship and bills for hotels and exhibitions have all been met by the taxpayer.
Examples of questionable costs included in contracts
|Price risk||Rates and inflation|
|Sales and marketing costs||Warranty costs|
|Accommodation costs||Learning curve|
|Bid costs||Faulty workmanship|
|Depreciation costs||Hospitality and entertaining costs, Christmas parties|
|Pre-contract costs||Capital costs|
|MOD information and regime costs||Profit rate adjustments|
|Charitable donations||Share options|
Clive Tucker, the SSRO’s chairman, said:
For too long single source defence procurement went without effective scrutiny, and this is precisely the sort of inappropriate expenditure that the Defence Reform Act was enacted to kill off. Through the single source regime we want to encourage improvements from both industry and the MOD resulting in better value for money for the taxpayer. The findings on military equipment in Sir John Chilcot’s report are a timely reminder of the importance of efficient and effective defence procurement and strong contract management and oversight to ensure equipment reaches the frontline commands on time and on budget.
The SSRO has already saved the MOD and the taxpayer £9.9 million by reducing the baseline profit rate on contracts signed in 2015/16 from 10.7 per cent to 10.6 per cent, and £3.5 million based on the first four contracts we’ve had in using the 2016/17 rate of 8.95 per cent.
We currently have a further £61 million of potentially non-allowable costs charged by contractors which we have challenged,
Mr Tucker said.
This amount of money could pay the salaries of over 2,000 corporals and sergeants or fund nearly 4,000 service personnel to buy a home through the Forces Help to Buy Scheme.
The SSRO’s Interim Compliance Statement, published today (14 July), found that contractors’ conformity to the regulations has been “poor”.
Using a traffic light system of Red Amber Green, the SSRO found that six out of eight indicators flashed up ‘Red’. One indicator reports that only 9 per cent of MOD contractors’ reports provided the required information.
The quality of information submitted remains a “serious concern” with “incomplete calculations, facts and information”.
The report said: “This does not always reconcile to other supporting information received. In many cases contractors fail to provide the required information on metrics, outputs and defined pricing structure.” This means the SSRO is unable to determine if an item is legitimate.
The MOD also faced criticism for failing to notify the regulator of new contracts within the correct time frame.
When the MOD does provide information on a contract this appears at odds with that supplied by the contractor. “In 13 cases there has been a disparity between the contract price notified by the contractors and the information provided by the MOD,” the report said. “The budget implications for the difference in contract values equates to £379 million”.
The report concludes that more has to be done by both defence companies and the MOD’s procurement agency (DE&S) to comply with regulations.
“Clearly significant progress is still required by contractors and the MOD to increase compliance.”
Mr Tucker said:
It should be noted that this is an interim statement. We would like to give industry and DE&S a chance to improve performance before we publish our final compliance report in which we will name parties failing to comply.
In its first ‘determination’ published in May 2016 the SSRO recovered £1.3 million from Rolls Royce’s Hawk jet contract over marketing costs and an “overstatement of risk of future cost variation”.
Mr Tucker said:
Contractors have usually been willing to remove any non-allowable costs we identify. This binding determination showed that if contractors don’t follow the guidance, we are able to come to our own decision.
To date the SSRO has been notified of only 34 single source contracts to oversee, which is considerably less than it had expected.
|£11.1 billion||Value of QDCs notified to the SSRO in 2015/16|
|£11.9 million||Confirmed savings relating to 2015/16 QDCs|
|£60.9 million||Costs under investigation with 18 of 34 QDCs|
|£3.5 million||Savings on the profit of 4 QDCs in Q1 of 2016/17|
|£5.6 million||Annual running costs of the SSRO|
- The total value of single source contracts amounted to more than £11 billion in 2015/16.
- If companies contravene the regulations – such as breaching record keeping – then the MOD can issue a “penalty notice” with a fine of up to £1 million. The SSRO is not aware of the MOD yet having issued any penalty notices.
- Single source procurement is used, for example, where there is only a single contractor able to deliver the requirements, where there are strong reasons for maintaining national capability, or for reasons of national security.
- Approximately £8.3 billion was spent by the MOD on such contracts in 2014/15, which by their nature are non-competitive. Single source procurement in defence represented 53 per cent of the value of new MOD contracts placed in 2014/15.
- The proposal to reform the single source procurement regime and establish a regulator received cross-party support in Parliament and was introduced under the Defence Reform Act (2014).